Planet of the Apes (Franklin J. Schaffner, 1968)
The story, a crew of astronauts land on an Earth-like planet where Apes are the masters and humans are the animals. The astronaut Taylor (Charlton Heston) wnats to get back to his spaceship and go back to Planet Earth. But he must befriend with progressive Ape scientists to escape the experiments of the stubborn keepers of the Old Law. The humans are kept in cages because they can't talk and behave correctly. To the Apes, the Humans are a lesser race than theirs. The many references to the world that is changing in America at this moment, the acceptance of black people and the fall of the racist rules and ideologies are the subtext of the film. The message is clear and without a doubt it asks to stop looking at a person for what's outside but for what's inside, his character and personnality.
The film has another moralistic side to its story, how humanity in the time of the Vietnam War and the Cold War must think about the future and be careful because if there is a menace for humanity it is only itself that can arm and destroy the Earth as we know it. Besides being a good lesson for its viewers, Planet of Apes presents a top-of-the-art entertainment that has influenced many movie enthusiast's imagination. This is with no surprise that there has been many chapters to this saga.